I. OVERVIEW (Chapters 21:1-22:5):
. . A. This vision represents the fulfillment of all God’S promises to His people, given in both the Old Testament
. . . . and the New Testament.
. . B. This fulfillment is supremely exemplified by the "New Jerusalem", the Bride of Christ, the true "Holy of Holies",
. . . . a perfect cube 1500 miles each way, large enough for all God’s people from every age; in which there will be
. . . . no more death or mourning or crying or pain; never any night, no need of sun or moon or stars or lamp for light
. . . . as God Himself and the Lamb will provide the perfect light; where the River of Life will flow and the Tree of
. . . . Life will grow, providing spiritual (and physical?) nourishment for all God's people, who will see God's face,
. . . . be His servants, and reign forever and forever with Him!
. . C. Although John sees the new Jerusalem "coming down out of Heaven," when he was carried "in the spirit to a
. . . . mountain great and high", he does not say that the New Jerusalem is on earth. The symbolism of the old earth,
. . . . heavens and sea "passing away," and a new heavens and earth replacing them, opens up the possibility that the
. . . . New Jerusalem may be beyond our physical universe — in that environment where God Himself dwells, has dwelt
. . . .throughout all eternity — and now invites His people to share it with Him!
. . D. Twice we are reminded that no one who does what is shameful or deceitful — the cowardly, the unbelieving, the
. . . . vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolators, and all liars — will
. . . . never enter the New Jerusalem.

. . A. John sees "a new heaven and a new earth" for the old has passed away, and there is no longer any sea.
. . B. He then sees "the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride
. . . . beautifully dressed for her husband."
. . C. A loud voice from the throne announces that henceforth the dwelling of God will be with men — there will be
. . . . no more death or mourning or crying or pain — for the old order of things has passed away.
. . D. John hears God speak: "I am making everything new!" Apparently he is so overwhelmed by God's voice that he
. . . .has to be told (by an angel?): "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true."
. . E. God continues to speak, saying the He is the beginning (source) and end (consummation) of all things. He invites
. . . . him who is thirsty to drink of the water of life. He who overcomes is said to inherit "all this," to be God's son.
. . . . But not so those who practice evil — their place will be in the fiery lake of burning sulfur — the second death.

. . A. John is commanded by one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues to come,
. . . . in the spirit, to a great and high mountain, to see "the bride, the wife of the Lamb."
. . B. The bride is the Holy City, New Jerusalem, coming down out of Heaven from God, shining with the glory of God.
. . . . This clearly shows that the New Jerusalem must be a symbol for the true church of God's redeemed people of
. . . . all the ages. The physical description which follows is John's (Christ's) way of illustrating spiritual realities in
. . . . terms of physical pictures.
. . C. The elements of the city are described in terms of immense size, with building materials of the most exquisite,
. . . . most beautiful, most expensive known to man. The twelve gates (each guarded (?) by an angel), inscribed with
. . . . the names of the twelve tribes of Israel, clearly show the role played by Israel in God's great plan of the ages —
. . . . that of producing the Messiah, the Christ, by whom alone admission into the city is possible. The twelve
. . . . foundation stones, carrying the names of the twelve apostles, clearly shows the earthly role of the church —
. . . . initiated by these apostles — that of preaching the gospel to all nations, making disciples and teaching them
. . . . all that Christ commanded.
. . D. There is no temple in the city, because the city IS the temple of God — the actual place where God and the
. . . . Lamb dwell! The is no need for the light of the sun or moon or stars or even lamps, for "the glory of God
. . . . gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp." Th gates need never be shut at night, because there IS no night
. . . . there! All who enter, great and small, bring their "splendor" — their talents, abilities, experience — into the
. . . . city to be used henceforth exclusively to serve God. No one can enter the city except those whose names are
. . . . written in the Lambs Book of Life.

. . A. The river of the water of life (see Ezekiel 47:1-7) flows from the throne of God and of the Lamb down the middle
. . of the great street of the city. The Holy Spirit is symbolically shown to be fully available to all — His wisdom,
. . knowledge, power, and guidance is as open to every inhabitant as is a river.
. . B. The tree of life grows along its banks, its fruit providing all the food the inhabitants will want and its leaves
. . . . providing the “healing of the nations” — the aroma of utter sweetness and delight that exhilirates the senses.
. . C. The inhabitants will see God face to face — a privilege reserved for the pure in heart (Matthew 5:8) — and will
. . . . joyfully serve Him — no idly sitting on a cloud and playing a harp! His name will be on their foreheads — they
. . . . are completely His!
. . D. Once again John states that there will be no more night, and that the Lord God will give them light. John closes
. . . . this vision with the beautiful promise concerning the inhabitants of the New Jerusalem: "And they will reign forever
. . . . and ever."
. . E. What a thrill to realize that the "they" of this vision is the "we of everyone who has accepted Jesus Christ as
. . . . his/her savior and Lord — who is walking with Him in this life in anticipation of walking with Him forevermore
. . . . in the New Jerusalem!

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